The process of coating fabrics goes back to the 18th century with the production of oilcloth. Fabric was coated with linseed oil; thus the fabric was made water resistant. The coating of a fabric gives the textile a property it did not have on its own.
Today we can see coated fabrics all around us. From waterproof camping gear, UV protected window shades, protective clothing for fire fighters to the inflatable chutes on aircraft, coated textiles have important applications to our everyday lives.
In order to get the fabric and coating combination correct, consider the final application. For example, will the product need to be water resistant, mildew resistant, fire retardant, and breathable or any combination of these? Let’s consider a military application like a backpack; a backpack would need to be water resistant. A boat cover calls for water, mildew resistance and breathability. It is very important to consider your total requirements for the application.
There are many options when is comes to fabrics and coatings. Finding the right combination for your project is the key to success.